The Marquise was particularly fond of music. Considered an “ornamental” art, it is suggested here by the musical scores and the ten-string baroque guitar on the armchair in the background.
Guitars became very popular in the seventeenth century; they were manufactured by specialist stringed-instrument makers such as the renowned Voboam family in Paris.
Guitare, Voboam, Paris, Cité de la musique
The small columns and parapet
Mona Lisa is sitting in a loggia, a space defined by a parapet with small columns whose bases are clearly visible, though the shafts are difficult to distinguish. These columns frame the distant landscape to the left and right, while also framing the seated figure.